Indian Institutions like the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) saw a drop in their ranking in the World University Rankings 2018 from the Times Higher Education (THE). The list contains the name of top 1000 universities located across the 77 counties. The US dominates the rankings. The No.1 position is held by the University of Oxford, with the University of Cambridge at the second position and the Stanford University and the California Institute of Technology tied for the third position.
IISc dropped to 251-300 range from previous ranking band 201-250. IIT Delhi and IIT Kanpur have fallen to the 501-600 band from last year’s 401-500 band. The ranking band of IIT Madras dropped from 401-500 to 601-800. Also, there has been a decline in the number of universities in the top 1,000, falling from 31 to 30.
Even when more funds were issued from the Human Resources and Development Ministry for the Vishwajeet project, there has been a notable drop in the rankings. The main reason behind this is the lack of efforts in improving the research score and internationalizing the college campus.
The Editorial Director of the global rankings for THE, Phil Baty said that while other Asian countries have improved rankings, the decline in the rankings of India is quite disappointing.
With improved funding, universities of China, Singapore, and Hong Kong have risen up in the list while the Indian universities move away from the elite top 200.
The policies of the Indian government restrict the number of foreign students in the country and prevent foreign scholars from being hired for long-term. According to THE, India can improve its ranking by providing funding to some public as well as private universities for academics and infrastructure.
The Ministry has declared 10 public and 10 private institutions as the Institutes of Eminence. In August, the government announced that it will allow the 20 selected universities to admit foreign students, recruit faculty from other countries, and collaborate with other institutions across the globe. However, it put a hold on the plan of allowing foreign universities to establish campuses in India and award degrees.
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